Corona viruses have many different types of mutations which can cause all sorts of diseases. A newly identified type has caused a recent outbreak of respiratory illness, now called COVID-19, started in China.It appears that symptoms are showing up in people within 14 days of exposure to the virus.
The following symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure.*
- having a coughthat gets more severe over time
- shortness of breath
- a low-grade fever that gradually increases in temperature
Is this corona virus different from SARS?
SARS stands for severe acute respiratory syndrome. In 2003, an outbreak of SARS started in China and spread to other countries before ending in 2004. The virus that causes COVID-19 is similar to the one that caused the 2003 SARS outbreak: both are types of coronaviruses. Much is still unknown, but COVID-19 seems to spread faster than the 2003 SARS and also may cause less severe illness.
COVID-19 versus the flu:
The 2019 Corona virus is much more deadly than seasonal flu. According to the CDC, an estimated 0.06 to 0.1 percent of people who developed the flu during the 2019-2020 flu season in the United Stated died (as of February 2020).COVID-19 has had around 3 percent of those with a confirmed case to have died in the United Stated
What are the possible complications from COVID-19?
The most serious complication is a type of pneumonia that’s been called 2019 novel corona virus-infected pneumonia (NCIP). About 26 percent of those admitted in hospital in Wuhan, China had severe cases and needed to be treated in the intensive care unit (ICU).About 4.3 percent of these people who were admitted to the ICU died from this type of pneumonia.
So far, NCIP is the only complication specifically linked to the 2019 corona virus. Researchers have seen the following complications in people who have developed COVID-19:
- acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
- irregular heart rate (arrhythmia)
- cardiovascular shock
- severe muscle pain (myalgia)
- fatigue heart damage or heart attack
How to protect yourself.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds especially after you have been in a public place.
- If soap and water are not readily available, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick
- Stay home if you are sick, except to get medical care
- Cover your mouth whenever you sneeze or cough. Throw away any tissue you use right away.
- Clean AND disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily. This includes tables, doorknobs, light switches, counter tops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks.